Romanesque Baptismal Fonts in the Netherlands

Romaanse doopvonten in Nederland

Preliminary Version

Latest update: February 11th 2017.

Please scroll down or choose from the list of towns and villages. The fonts below are listed according to their current location.
 
Almen (Gelderland)
• Made: Mid 12th century.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Nederlands Hervormde Kerk, Almen.
• Original church: Replaced; the present church dates from the 14th century.
• References:
    Eyck tot Zuilichem, 1846
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Ter Kuile, 1958
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: In 1834 the font was found buried under the tower floor. In the early 20th century it was placed back in the church.
Amstenrade (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Onze-Lieve-Vrouw Onbevlekt Ontvangen Kerk, Amstenrade.
• Original church: Demolished and replaced in the mid 19th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    RCE photos [1] [2] [3] [4]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Until at least the 1960s the font served as an ornamental flower box in the gardens of the nearby Amstenrade castle. The base is new.
Apeldoorn (Gelderland)
• Made: Mid 12th century.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: CODA Museum - Public Library, Apeldoorn.
• Original church: Mariakerk, Apeldoorn. Demolished in the 16th century.
• References:
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: After the Reformation the font was put outside, serving first as a cathedra for the sexton and later as a whetstone for stallholders in the marketplace.
Asselt (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Dionysiuskerk, Asselt.
• Original church: Built around 1100, part of the chancel remains.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Batenburg (Gelderland)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Victorkerk, Batenburg.
• Original church: Rebuilt in the 15th(?) century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: In July 1914 the illustrated magazine Prins der Geïllustreerde Bladen wrote that some time before the font had been found buried under the pavement near the church. According to Ligtenberg only the basin is original.
Beekbergen (Gelderland)
• Made: Around 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Hervormde kerk, Beekbergen.
• Original church: Replaced in the 15th century.
• References:
    Eyck tot Zuilichem, 1846
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 2001
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: Fragment.
Bierum (Groningen)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Sebastiaankerk, Bierum.
• Original church: ...kerk, Toornwerd (Groningen). Destroyed in the 18th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: The font was brought to the Groninger Museum in 1893. In 1966 it was moved to Bierum.
Bingelrade (Limburg)
 
• Made: Second half 12th - early 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Lambertuskerk, Bingelrade.
• Original church: Unknown. The present church dates from 1935, replacing one from 1788.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
• Notes: Fragment; part of the basin.
Breust (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: St. Martinuskerk, Breust (Eijsden).
• Original church: Demolished/replaced in the late 14th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: Only the foot is original.
Broekhuizenvorst (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: H. Naam Jezuskerk (originally H. Verlosserkerk), Broekhuizenvorst.
• Original church: Replaced in several stages.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: Only the basin is original.
Brummen (Gelderland)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Pancratiuskerk, Brummen.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the early 15th century.
• References:
    Ortt van Schonauwen, 1858
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: Fragment of basin and base, found on an estate near Vorden and Ruurlo around 1848.
Deursen (Brabant)
 
• Made: 12th - 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Unknown.
• Original location: Unknown; around 1872 it stood in the Vincentiuskerk, Deursen.
• References:
    De Dietsche Warande, 1855
    Geschiedenis van het Bisdom ’s Hertogenbosch, Derde deel, 1872
• Notes: In 1890 the font was sold to a private person from Nijmegen. There it was possibly lost during WWII.
Dordrecht (Zuid-Holland)
 
• Made: Unknown (12th - 13th century).
• Material: Sandstone.
• Current location: Augustijnenkerk, Dordrecht.
• Original location: Unknown, possibly from a village that disappeared in the 1421 Elisabeth Flooding.
• References:
    Augustijnenkerk Dordrecht
• Notes: During WWII the font was moved from a private property to the gardens of the Dordrechts Museum. In 2008 it was placed in the Augustijnenkerk.
Eenrum (Groningen)
 
• Made: 12th century.
• Material: Tuff or basalt.
• Current and original location: Laurentiuskerk, Eenrum.
• Original church: Built in the 12th century, extended and rebuilt in later centuries.
• References:
    Ortt van Schonauwen, 1858
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: The font was kept in the church tower till 1841. The next 50 years it served as a lime mortar tub and then it went to the Groninger Museum. In 1966 it returned to the church.
Eibergen (Gelderland)
 
• Made: Around 1250.
• Material: Baumberger sandstone.
• Current and original location: Oude Mattheuskerk, Eibergen.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century, rebuilt/replaced around 1500.
• References:
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
• Notes: The font was found under the church floor during the restoration in the early 1970s.
Elsloo (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: St. Augustinuskerk, Elsloo.
• Original church: Replaced in the 15th century.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Emmen (Drenthe)
 
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Pancratiuskerk aka Grote Kerk, Emmen.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; only the tower remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: The font is said to have served as an ornamental flower box in a private property in the nearby village of Nieuw Amsterdam. It was given to the Drents Museum in Assen some time in the late 19th century. In 1988 it returned to the church.
Enschede (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Between 1150 and 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Grote Kerk, Enschede.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; the tower and part of the N wall of the nave remain.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Ter Kuile, 1934
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: ---
Enschede (Overijssel)
 
• Made: t.b.a.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Private property Het Stroot, Twekkelo (mun. Enschede).
• Original location: Somewhere in Westfalen, Germany.
• References:
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: In the 1920s the font was bought from a farmer in Westfalen, who was using it as a trough. The buyer, J.H. van Heek, then gave it to his brother, the owner of Het Stroot.
Enschede (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Between 1240 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Rijksmuseum Twenthe.
• Original location: probably Hellendoorn (Overijssel).
• References:
    Ter Kuile, 1974
    Schönlank, 1997
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: In 1927 the font was found in a horse stable in Daarle (municipality of Hellendoorn), where it was being used as a trough. It was then sold to the museum.
Ermelo (Gelderland) (font and stoup)
• Made: Between 1150 and 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Oude Kerk, Ermelo.
• Original church: Built in the 12th century; only the tower and part of the chancel remain.
• References:
    Eyck tot Zuilichem, 1846
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photos [1] [2] [3] [4]
• Notes: The stoup is said to have served for a long time as a cathedra for the sexton. The upper part of its basin, including the double cable moulding, is new.
Eys (Limburg)
 
• Made: 12th - 13th century(?).
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: H. Agathakerk, Eys.
• Original location: A church in the same village, dating from 12th century and demolished in 1745.
• References:
    Voorlopige lijst der Nederlandsche Monumenten, 1926
• Notes: Only the basin is original, the base probably dates from the 18th century.
Groede (Zeeland)
 
• Made: 12th century(?).
• Material: Stone from Doornik.
• Current location: Grote Kerk, Groede.
• Original location: The church of the disappeared village of Nieuwerkerke (Zeeland).
• References:
    Stichting Cultureel Erfgoed Zeeland
• Notes: Fragment of the basin. It was found in 2010, near the original location.
Groenlo (Gelderland)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Oude Calixtuskerk, Groenlo.
• Original church: Rebuilt/replaced in the 16th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Ter Kuile, 1958
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: For many years the font stood in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. In the early 1950s it returned to the church.
Groningen (Groningen)
 
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Groninger Museum, Groningen.
• Original location: Dorkwerd (Groningen).
• References:
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: ---
Guttecoven (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Nicolaaskerk, Guttecoven.
• Original church: Unknown, the oldest reference to the church dates from 1336.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Haaksbergen (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Probably 13th century.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Hervormde Kerk, Haaksbergen.
• Original church: Sint-Pancratiuskerk, Haaksbergen; built in the 12th century, extended and rebuilt in later centuries.
• References:
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: In 1963 the font, of which only the base remains, was found buried in the garden of the presbytery. In 2009 it was placed in the Hervormde Kerk.
Hattem (Gelderland)
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Andreaskerk, Hattem.
• Original church: Built around 1225; only the lower part of the tower remains. The rest dates from the early 15th century.
• References:
    Eyck tot Zuilichem, 1846
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: After the Reformation the font was put outside, serving as an ornamental flower box in a local park. In 1891 it was placed back in the church.
Heel (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Stephanuskerk, Heel.
• Original church: Built in the 12th century; only the tower remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    ?Ghislain, 2009
• Notes: ---
Heemse (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Sint-Lambertuskerk, Heemse.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century(?).
• References:
    Ortt van Schonauwen, 1858
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Ter Kuile, 1974
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: After the Reformation the font served for many years as an ornamental flower box in the vicar’s garden. In 1936 it returned to the church.
’s-Heerenberg (Gelderland)
 
• Made: Between 1150 and 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Huis Bergh, ’s-Heerenberg.
• Original location: Otterlo (Gelderland).
• References:
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: The font was bought in 1916 by J.H. van Heek, who had acquired the Huis Bergh castle four years earlier.
Heeswijk (Brabant)
• Made: Mid 12th – mid 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Kasteel Heeswijk, Heeswijk.
• Original location: Unknown.
• References:
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: Most likely the font was bought by baron André van de Bogaerde (who had acquired the castle in 1834) or one of his sons in the second half of the 19th century. The castle archieves have yet to be studied. The font is currently kept in storage.
Hengelo (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Unknown.
• Material: Sandstone?
• Current location: Ontmoetingskerk, Hengelo.
• Original location: The chapel at Huis Hengelo(?)
• References:
    Protestantse Gemeente in Hengelo
• Notes: Romanesque? Originally a stoup?
Herpen (Brabant)
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sebastianuskerk, Herpen.
• Original church: Built in the 12th or 13th century, rebuilt/replaced in later centuries.
• References:
    De Dietsche Warande, 1855
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1997
    Drake, 2002
• Notes: The basin is the only original part. The font was rediscovered, hidden behind a pile of rubbish in the church tower, in 1848.
Horssen (Gelderland)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: H. Antonius Abt Kerk, Horssen.
• Original church: Unknown (perhaps the former R.K. Kerk in the same village?).
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    RCE photos [1] [2] [3]
• Notes: The basin is the only original part. A fragment of another font from this village is kept in the Valkhof Museum in Nijmegen.
Horst (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Lambertuskerk, Horst.
• Original church: Built in the 12th or 13th century, rebuilt/replaced in later centuries.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: The basin is the only original part.
Ingen (Gelderland)
 
• Made: 12th century or older?
• Material: Baumberger sandstone.
• Current and original location: Lambertuskerk, Ingen.
• Original church: Built in the 12th or 13th century; a small part of the tuff E wall of the nave remains.
• References:
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: ---
Janum / Jannum (Friesland)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Kerkmuseum, Janum.
• Original location: Jellum (Friesland).
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: ---
Kantens (Groningen)
 
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Antonius- aka Vituskerk, Kantens.
• Original church: Built in the 12th - 13th century; mostly intact.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: The font served as an ornamental flower box for a long time; the base was “restyled” probably for this purpose. In the early 20th century the font was brought to the Groninger Museum. In 2006 it returned to the church.
Klimmen (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Remigiuskerk, Klimmen.
• Original church: Built in the 12th century, the nave remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
• Notes: Only the base is original, the basin is said to date from the 17th century.
Leur (Gelderland)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Mariakerk, Leur.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; only the lower part of the tower remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: ---
Limbricht (Limburg)
 
• Made: t.b.a.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Nieuwe Salviuskerk, Limbricht.
• Original church: Oude Salviuskerk?
• References:
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Only the base? Romanesque?
Limmel (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Johannes de Doperkerk, Limmel (Maastricht).
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the 19th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Linne (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Sint-Martinuskerk, Linne.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the late 19th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photos [1] [2]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Lottum (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Sint-Gertrudiskerk, Lottum.
• Original church: Unknown. The present church was built in the 1950s after its predecessor, which dated from the 15th century, was destroyed in WWII.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Only the basin is original.
Maastricht (Limburg)
 
• Made: late 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht.
• Original location: Sint Matthiaskerk(?), Maastricht.
• References:
    De monumenten in de gemeente Maastricht. Deel 2, 1974
    Schönlank, 1999
• Notes: Only the basin. In 1928 it was found buried in the Breulingstraat, Maastricht, near the Matthiaskerk.
Maastricht (Limburg)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht.
• Original location: Johannes de Doperkerk(?), Nieuwstadt (Limburg).
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
• Notes: Fragment; part of the basin.
Maastricht (Limburg)
 
• Made: 12th - 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Sint-Servaasbasiliek, Maastricht.
• Original church: Built in the 11th century, a large part of the nave remains.
• References:
    ---
• Notes: Fragment; part of the basin, on display in the adjoining Schatkamer museum.
Meeden (Groningen)
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current (and original?) location: Hervormde Kerk, Meeden.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the 15th century.
• References:
    ---
• Notes: The font was found buried under the church floor during restoration works in 2015.
Middelbeers (Brabant)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Sint-Willibrorduskerk, Middelbeers.
• Original church: Unknown, the predecessor of the present church dates from the 15th century.
• References:
    Voorlopige lijst der Nederlandsche Monumenten, 1931
• Notes: Only the basin is original(?).
Molenberg (Limburg)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Verschijning van de Onbevlekte Maagdkerk, Molenberg.
• Original location: Vijlen(?) (Limburg).
• References:
    Voorlopige lijst der Nederlandsche Monumenten, 1926
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Only the basin is original.
Noordeloos (Zuid-Holland)
 
• Made: Late 12th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Bonifatiuskerk, Noordeloos.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; only the lower part of the tower remains.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2004
    RCE photos [1] [2] [3]
• Notes: Only the basin is original.
Norg (Drenthe) (font and stoup)
 
• Made: Between 1150 and 1200 (stoup), between 1220 and 1270 (font).
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Margarethakerk, Norg.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century, replacing an older wooden church; mostly intact.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: The font and the stoup were sold to the Drents Museum in the late 19th century. In 1988 they returned to the church.
Nuis (Groningen)
 
• Made: t.b.a.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Noordelijk Archeologisch Depot, Nuis.
• Original location: Westerbork or Dalen (Drenthe).
• References:
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: Fragment. According to the NAD it was found in Dalen. Steensma describes a fragment from Westerbork. Whether this is the same object remains t.b.a.
Nuth (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Bavokerk, Nuth.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century, replaced in the 18th.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Oirsbeek (Limburg)
 
• Made: 13th century(?).
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Unknown.
• Original church: Lambertuskerk, Oirsbeek. Built 13th century; rebuilt several times.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Voorlopige lijst der Nederlandsche Monumenten, 1926
    Schönlank, 1999
• Notes: The font is said to have disappeared during or shortly after the latest restoration of the church in the 1950s.
Olst (Overijssel)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Hervormde Kerk, Olst.
• Original church: Built (early) 13th century; the tuff lower part of the tower remains.
• References:
    Ter Kuile, 1964
    Schönlank, 1997
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: The font is said to have served as a cathedra for the sexton next to the church.
Ommen (Overijssel) (stoup)
 
• Made: Between 1150 and 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Brigittakerk, Ommen.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century, rebuilt/replaced in later centuries.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Ter Kuile, 1974
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: From 1903 the stoup stood in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. In 1979(?) it returned to the church.
Oud-Valkenburg (Limburg)
 
• Made: 11th century(?).
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Johannes de Doperkerk, Oud-Valkenburg.
• Original church: Built in the 11th century; part of the walls of the nave remain.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Only the basin.
Peize (Drenthe)
 
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Hervormde Kerk, Peize.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; part of the nave remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: For many years the font stood in the Drents Museum, before it returned to the church.
Rijssen (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Grote Kerk aka Schildkerk, Rijssen.
• Original church: Built in the 12th century; the tuff N wall of the nave remains.
• References:
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: ---
Roden (Drenthe)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Catharinakerk, Roden.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; part of the nave remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: For many years the font stood in the Drents Museum, before it returned to the church. The head of one of the lions is kept in the NAD in Nuis (Groningen).
Roosteren (Limburg)
 
• Made: Early(?) 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Jacobuskerk, Roosteren.
• Original church: Built in the 12th or 13th century; demolished around 1840.
• References:
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Schin op Geul (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Mauritiuskerk, Schin op Geul.
• Original church: Built in the 11th or 12th century, part of the nave remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photos [1] [2]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Schinnen (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and location: Dionysiuskerk, Schinnen.
• Original church: Built in the 12th century; the nave and the lower part of the tower remain.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Sint Odiliënberg (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: O.L. Vrouwekapel, Sint Odiliënberg.
• Original church: Built in the 11th century, followed by several additions and restorations.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    ?Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Sint-Oedenrode (Brabant)
• Made: 13th-14th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Martinuskerk, Sint-Oedenrode.
• Original church: Built in the 11th century; extended, rebuilt and replaced in several stages.
• References:
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1997
• Notes: The dating of the font seems questionable, given the appearance of the 4 heads. The way they are rendered looks much less old than 13thC.
Sleen (Drenthe)
 
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current (and original?) location: Hervormde Kerk, Sleen.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the 14th - 15th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: For many years the font served as an ornamental flower box in the garden of the vicarage. In 1888 it was sold to the Drents Museum, 100 years later it returned to the church.
Stevensweert (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Stephanuskerk, Stevensweert.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century, replaced in the 18th.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Swolgen (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Sint-Lambertuskerk, Swolgen.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century, extended around 1500, rebuilt after WWII.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Only the basin is original.
Tegelen (Limburg)
 
• Made: 13th century(?).
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Martinuskerk, Tegelen.
• Original church: Unknown, the oldest reference of the church dates from the 15th century.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1999
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2003
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: Fragment; part of the basin.
Termunten (Groningen)
 
• Made: Between 1150 and 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Ursuskerk, Termunten.
• Original location: Heveskes (Groningen).
• References:
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: The font was dug up in 1890. It served as a trough and a whetstone until the 1950s, when it was placed in the church of Termunten.
Terwolde (Gelderland)
• Made: Around 1200.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current (and original?) location: Hervormde Kerk, Terwolde.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the 14th - 15th century.
• References:
    Eyck tot Zuilichem, 1846
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
    Schönlank, 2001
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: ---
Tiel (Gelderland)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Sint Maartenskerk, Tiel.
• Original church: Possibly the Sint Walburgiskerk, demolished in 1679.
• References:
    Schönlank, 2001
• Notes: Fragment; part of the basin.
Utrecht (Utrecht)
 
• Made: Around 1260.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht
• Original location: Winterswijk (Gelderland).
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: ---
Utrecht (Utrecht)
 
• Made: t.b.a.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Pieterskerk, Utrecht.
• Original location: Unknown (province of Limburg?).
• References:
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1996
    Drake, 2002
• Notes: Only the basin is original. It was kept in the Bonnefantenmuseum in Maastricht before it came to the Pieterskerk.
Vaassen (Gelderland)
 
• Made: 13th century.
• Material: Stone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Unknown; disappeared between 1846 and 1915.
• Original church: Dorpskerk, Vaassen(?); built in 1853 replacing a medieval church.
• References:
    Eyck tot Zuilichem, 1846
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Schönlank, 1999
• Notes: ---
Vledder (Drenthe)
 
• Made: Third quarter 12th century.
• Material: Stone from Bentheim.
• Current (and original?) location: Hervormde Kerk, Vledder.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the 14th - 15th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: For many years the font stood in the Drents Museum, before it returned to the church.
Voerendaal (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current and original location: Laurentiuskerk, Voerendaal.
• Original church: Built in the 11th - 12th century; only the tower remains.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    RCE photos [1] [2]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: The base is new.
Vries (Drenthe)
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Sint-Bonifatiuskerk, Vries.
• Original church: Built second half 12th century; the tower and the nave remain. The chancel dates from around 1425.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2001
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: The font was sold to the Drents Museum in 1833. In 1952 it was placed back in the church. A plaster of Paris replica of this font, made in 1949, can be found in the church in Rolde (Drenthe).
Wanssum (Limburg)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current (and original?) location: Sint-Michaelkerk, Wanssum.
• Original church: Unknown. The present church was built in the early 1950s; its oldest known predecessor dated from the 15th century.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Schönlank, 1999
    Drake, 2002
    RCE photo [1]
    Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
• Notes: ---
Waspik (Brabant)
 
• Made: Before 1250.
• Material: Stone from Namur.
• Current location: Hervormde Kerk, Waspik.
• Original church: Unknown, the church was lost in the Elisabeth Flooding in 1421.
• References:
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: Fragment; almost half of the basin, found during the restoration in 1959.
Weerselo (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original location: Hervormde Kerk, Het Stift (mun. Dinkelland).
• Original church: Built in the 12th century; part of the walls remain.
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photos [1] [2]
• Notes: The village Het Stift belonged to the municipality of Weerselo till 2001.
Weidum (Friesland)
 
• Made: Unknown.
• Material: Sandstone.
• Current and original location: Johanneskerk, Weidum.
• Original church: Built in the 12th - 13th century; mostly intact.
• References:
    Romaans Nederland, 1994
    Monumenten in Nederland, 2000
• Notes: Fragment; only the foot.
Wesepe (Overijssel)
• Made: Probably 13th century.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current and original(?) location: Nicolaaskerk, Wesepe.
• Original church: Unknown, the present church dates from the 14th century.
• References:
    Ter Kuile, 1964
    Monumenten in Nederland, 1998
    Steensma, 2007
    RCE photo [1]
• Notes: The font is said to have served for many years as a cathedra next to the church for the sexton. In 1950 it was placed back inside.
Zutphen (Gelderland)
• Made: Between 1200 and 1240.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Stedelijk Museum, Zutphen.
• Original location: Unkown (Borculo? Terborg?).
• References:
    Ter Kuile, 1958
    Schönlank, 2001
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: The font was put in the museum in 1967, after having served as an ornamental flower box in a notary’s garden in Borculo. Apart from the base, most likely also the upper part of the basin has disappeared.
Zweeloo (Drenthe)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Hervormde Kerk, Zweeloo.
• Original church: Built in the 13th century; the nave remains mostly intact .
• References:
    Ligtenberg, 1915
    Drake, 2002
    Steensma, 2007
• Notes: The font is said to have served for a long time as a trough and a whetstone. From the late 19th century it stood in the Drents Museum, returning to the church in 19xx (t.b.a.).
Zwolle (Overijssel)
 
• Made: Between 1220 and 1270.
• Material: Sandstone from Bentheim.
• Current location: Stedelijk Museum, Zwolle.
• Original location: Unknown.
• References:
    Schönlank, 1997
• Notes: The font was found near the Lemelerberg by the end of the 19th century, and ended up in the possession of a doctor from Bilthoven, who in later years moved to Zwolle. He donated the font to the Museum in 1937. The font is currently lent to the Sandsteinmuseum in Bad Bentheim till at least 2019.
 
Rather Gothic

The following baptismal fonts should be dated from the late 13th century or later and be considered Gothic rather than Romanesque:

• Montfort (Limburg), Catharinakerk

• Sevenum (Limburg), Fabianus en Sebastianuskerk

• Susteren (Limburg), Amelbergakerk

 
 
Resources

Books, articles and academic papers:
• Ada van DEIJK & al.:
   Romaans Nederland, Architectura & Natura Pers / Zodiaque, 1994
• C.S. DRAKE:
   The Romanesque Fonts of Northern Europe and Scandinavia, Boydell and Brewer Ltd., 2002
• F.N. EYCK TOT ZUILICHEM:
   Kort berigt omtrent de oude doopvonten in ons land, Berigten Historisch Gezelschap te Utrecht, 1846
• E.H. ter KUILE:
   Twente, Algemeene Landsdrukkerij, 1934
   Het kwartier van Zutfen, Staatsdrukkerij, 1958
   Noord- en Oost-Salland, Staatsuitgeverij, 1974
• E.H. ter KUILE & A.F.C. KOCH:
   Zuid-Salland, Staatsuitgeverij, 1964
• R. LIGTENBERG:
   Romaansche doopvonten in Nederland, Bulletin KNOB, 1915
• J. ORTT VAN SCHONAUWEN:
   Oude doopvonten, Kronijk van het Historisch Genootschap te Utrecht, 1858
• M. SCHÖNLANK - VAN DER WAL:
   Middeleeuwse stenen doopvonten in Drenthe en Overijssel - Een aanvulling, Bulletin van de Stichting
       Drents - Overijsselse Kerken 16a, 1997
   Middeleeuwse stenen doopvonten in Zuid-Holland, Bulletin SOHK 46, 1998
   Middeleeuwse stenen doopvonten in Limburg, Maasgouw 118, 1999
   Middeleeuwse stenen doopvonten in Gelderland, Bulletin SOGK, 2001
• Regnerus STEENSMA:
   Bentheimer doopvonten en Wijwaterbekkens in Nederland, Jaarboek voor liturgie-onderzoek 23, 2007

Websites
Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed - RCE
Reliwiki
Kerkgebouwen in Limburg
Voorloopige lijst der Nederlandsche Monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst
Monumenten in Nederland
 
 
 
 

 

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