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Themes and Comparisons

On this page I group together, for comparison, a variety of themes, aspects and elements. Please scroll down or choose from the list below.
       
Apses Beakheads Capitals Corbels
Crosses Faces Fonts Friezes and imposts
Lions Memorials Musicians Narthex
Pre-romanesque Rose windows Slit windows Tympana

 
Apses
Águas Santas
Fontarcada
Sanfins
Ferreira
Vila Cova
The majority of the smaller, aisless churches feature a square-ended chancel. There are only a few semicircular apses. Not shown: Longos Vales and Roriz. Ermida has a polygonal apse.
Beakheads I
Granjinha
Tarouquela
Arões
Nogueira
Trancoso
Paços de Gaiolo
Cárquere
Beakheads appear on the arches of several churches.
Beakheads II
Gualtar
Souto S. Salvador
Coucieiro
On corbels beakheads are rarer.
Capitals I
Ermelo
Valdreu
Fervença
Ferreira
This is one of Carlos de Almeida’s comparisons [1986 p.65].
Capitals II
Abragão
Travanca
Ermida
Paços de Gaiolo
Atlantes.
Capitals III
Travanca
Vilarinho
Almacave
Vila Boa de Quires
Rio Mau
Mermaids (or are they sirens?) are quite common.
Corbels I
Tabuado
Vila Boa de Quires
Roriz
Paço de Sousa
Cabeça Santa
In the area East of Porto cowheads were popular for portals.
Corbels II
Cova
Souto S. Salvador
Tarouquela
Chã
Crasto
Capitals reused as corbels, often after a 17th or 18th century “remodelling” of the church.
Corbels III
Ermida
Tarouquela
Figueiredo
Meinedo
Águas Santas
Sex and sin.
Crosses
Sousa
Travanca
Correlhã (Tomé)
Almacave
Pitões das Júnias
Crosses on roof ridges usually are very simple like Sousa, but there are also more elaborate ones.
Faces
Real
Telões
Vila Cova
Santa Leocádia
Airães
In Northern Portugal small faces (masks?) appear on seemingly random places like plain shafts or the corners of capitals.
Fonts
Vila Boa do Bispo
Quintanilha
Outeiro Seco
São Julião
Santo Adrião
Sabugal
Alcobaça area
Longos Vales
Some baptismal fonts seem to have survived the ages.
Friezes and Imposts I
Manhente
Pitões das Júnias
Lavandeira
Ferreira
In the region North of the Douro river this is one of the most widely used decorations. A small selection is shown here.
Friezes and Imposts II
Águas Santas
Almacave
Ovil
Trancoso
This motif is more common in the area South of the Douro river.
Lions
Lavandeira
Tarouquela
Rates
Granjinha
Lions guarding doorways.
Memorials
Alpendorada
Irivo
Santa Eulália
There are 3 romanesque memorials, all in the area East of Porto.
Musicians
Rio Mau
Águas Santas
Sé (Braga)
Ferreira
Ermida
Viols and rebecs seem to be the most popular instruments.
Narthex
Serzedelo
Mancelos
Ferreira
Vilarinho
A few churches feature a narthex. Freixo de Baixo may have had one as well.
Pre-romanesque elements
São Torcato
Águas Santas
Távora
Vila Boa do Bispo
Occasionally decorated stones of older churches are reused. Not shown: Cedofeita.
Rose windows I
Correlhã (Abdão)
Vile
Telões
Sousa
The simplest form is little more than a decorated oculus.
Rose windows II
Ermelo
Roriz
Fontarcada
Tabuado
In the transitional period to gothic larger rose and wheel windows appear.
Slit windows
Ermelo
Covas do Barroso
Santa Leocádia
Coucieiro
Rio Mau
If slit windows in square-ended chancels are decorated, it is usually only on the inside. In some cases the decorations also appear on the outside.
Tympana I
Lavandeira
Bravães
Rates
Rubiães
Christ in Majesty is depicted on the W portal of just a few churches. The one in Rubiães is possibly in part a less faithful copy of the original.
Tympana II
Granjinha
Fontarcada
Bravães
Rates
Rio Mau
The Agnus Dei appears more often, and also on the inside.
Tympana III
Paço de Sousa
Fontarcada
Santo Tirso
Rio Mau
Sun and Moon. Interestingly, in Paço de Sousa their positions are reversed.
Tympana IV
Sé (Braga)
Arnoso
Unhão
Granjinha
Crosses in interlace patterns.
Tympana V
Constance
Tarouquela
Vila - Orada
Tree of Life.
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